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脱硫系统检修季 吸收塔着火事故原因分析

[2020-4-2] 点击:

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吸收塔着火事故根源:

MUQIANXIANCHANGSHIGONGCHANGYONGDEBOLILINPIANJIAONI,ZHUYAOYOU60%ZUOYOU901YIXIJISHUZHI、TONGLEIGUHUAJI、20%ZUOYOUBOLILINPIAN、15%HUASHIFENDENGTIANLIAO、2%BENYIXIXISHIJIZUCHENG,ZAISHIGONGSHIWEILESHITULIAOJUYOULIUDONGXINGXUJIARU10%ZUOYOUBENYIXIZUOWEIXISHIJI,BENYIXIYINFENZILIANGJIAODA,HUIFAXINGJIAOCHA,ZAIBOLILINPIANDEYULINJIEGOULIANGHAODEFANGSHENZHEBIZUOYONGXIA,BENYIXIGENGNANHUIFA,YINCIZAIBOLILINPIANJIAONISHIGONGWANBIHOUJIAOZHANGSHIJIANNEITUCENGZHONGYIRANCUNZAIDALIANGBENYIXI,ANQUANYINHUANZENGJIA;BENYIXIZHENGQIMIDUDAYUKONGQI,DANGBENYIXIHUIFAHOUHUICHENJIANGDAOSHIGONGQUYUDIBU,SUIZHESHIJIANDEYANZHANG,DIBUBENYIXIDENONGDUYUELAIYUEGAOSHENZHIHUIDADAOQIBAOZHAJIXIAN。BOLILINPIANJIAONIDENAIWENJIXIANDAYUEZAI180℃ZUOYOU,DANGYUDAODIANHAN、YANTOUDENGGAOWENSHI,TUCENGZAODAOPOHUAI,FENGBIZAITUCENGNEIDEBENYIXI、YOUJISHUZHIDENGCHONGFENYUKONGQIJIECHUJUBEILERANSHAODETIAOJIANCONGERCHANSHENGRANSHAO,RUBOLILINPIANJIAONIDENAIWENFUDUDAFUSHENGGAOZHIDUANZANGAOWENBUPOHUAI,ZEHUIYINTUCENGGEJUEYANGQIERBUJUBEIRANSHAOTIAOJIANERDUJUEHUOYANHUANRANSHAO,DANYIHANDESHIZHIZUOBOLILINPIANJIAONIDESHUZHIYINJIEGOUYUANYINWUFASHIXIANJIAODAFUDUDENAIWENTISHENG,QIEGAICHENGMOWUZISHENJIUSHIKERANYOUJIWU。

脱硫塔发生火灾

XISHOUTAZHEHUOSHIGUYUANYINFENXI

吸收塔失火事故的原因分析

1.工程管理人员思想上不重视,管理上不到位。

ZAIXISHOUTAJINXINGFANGFUCHENJIAOZHIQIAN,XIANGMUGONGSI、JIANLIBUYIJISHIGONGDANWEIDEGUANLIRENYUANDUICHENJIAOFANGHUOGONGZUODEZHONGYAOXINGRENSHIBUZU,SIXIANGSHANGBUZHONGSHI,MABIDAYI,MEIYOUZHAOKAIZHUANTIANQUANHUIYI,MEIYOUMINGQUEGEZIDEANQUANZEREN,MEIYOUZHIDINGFANGZHIHUOZAIDEANQUANCUOSHI。

2.人员安全意识淡薄。

XIANGMUGONGSI、SHIGONGDANWEIANQUANJIANCHARENYUANHEJISHURENYUANMEIYOUDUISHIGONGRENYUANJINXINGANQUANJISHUJIAODIHEFANGHUOANQUANJIAOYU,SHIGONGRENYUANFANGHUOANQUANYISHIDANBO,MEIYOUZHANGWOFANGHUOANQUANJISHU,BUZHIDAOCHENJIAOSHIGONGWEISHENMEYAOFANGHUO,ZENYANGCAINENGFANGHUO。

3.衬胶施工区域没有实行全封闭式隔离。

XISHOUTAZHOUBIAN5mFANWEI,MEIYOUSHIXINGYANMIDEQUANFENGBISHIGELI。ZHOUWEIYOUDONGHUOZUOYE,MEIYOUCAIQUYOUXIAOGELICUOSHI,ZHISHIMINGHUOYUDINGJIJIAOSHUIDEHUIFAQITIJIECHUZAOCHENGHUOZAI。

4.作业人员或其他施工人员吸烟。

ZAICHENJIAOJINHUOQUYUXIYANBINGQIELUANDIUYANTOU。DIANYANSHIDEMINGHUOHELUANDIUYANTOUYINRANFUJINDEYIRANWUPINDEHUOMIAO,YUDINGJIJIAOSHUIDEHUIFAQITIJIECHUZAOCHENGHUOZAI。

日照市岚山区钢铁厂脱硫塔着火,3小时紧急扑救无伤亡

RIZHAOSHILANSHANQUGANGTIECHANGTUOLIUTAZHEHUO,3XIAOSHIJINJIPUJIUWUSHANGWANG

5.吸收塔没有采用防爆型照明灯和电器开关。

6.吸收塔内通风不良。

DINGJIJIAOSHUIDEHUIFAFENZIDALIANGJIJU,YIDANYUDAOYIDIANHUOXING,JIUHUICHANSHENGBAORAN。

7.吸收塔及烟道内的脚手架铺设竹跳板。竹跳板本身含有油质并且成条状,是易燃材料,容易在失火初期起到助燃作用。

8.在吸收塔烟道内、外堆积待用物料。如果有易燃颗粒(如焊渣)落入堆积的物料中,且有一定的隐蔽性不宜发现,留下火灾隐患。

9.设备消缺时违章动火。

TUOLIUXITONGZHENGTAOQIDONGSHIYUN(HUOTOUCHAN)HOU,SHEBEIANZHUANGRENYUAN(HUODIANCHANGJIANXIURENYUAN)JINXINGSHEBEIXIAOQUESHI,BUBANLIDONGHUOZHENG,MEIYOUCAIQURENHEFANGHUOCUOSHI,WEIZHANGJINXINGHANJIEHUOQIGEZUOYE,HANZHAHUOMINGHUOYINRANJIAOBAN(LINPIAN),ZAOCHENGHUOZAI。

TEBIEYINQIZHUYIDESHI,DADUOSHUXISHOUTASHIHUOSHIGUSHIFASHENGZAIXIAOQUEJIANXIURENYUANCHELIXIANCHANGYIDUANSHIJIANYIHOU,BINGBUSHIDANGSHIFASHENGDE。ZHEISHIYINWEIHANZHALUODAOJIAOBANJIAFENGLI(KAIJIAODEDIFANG)HUOZHEXISHOUTADEDIBANSHANG,MANMANRANSHAO,YINFADAHUO。

10.设备消缺收工后,没有断开电焊机的电源。

XIAOQUEJIANXIUDEHANGONG,ANQUANSIXIANGBULAO,ZERENXINBUQIANG,XIAOQUEGONGZUOWANGONGHOU,MEIYOUJIANGDIANHANJIDEDIANYUANDUANKAI,DIANHANJIFAREHUOZHEYICIDIANYUANJIETOUWAILUYIWAIDUANLU,ZAOCHENGXISHOUTAZHOUWEIYIRANWUPINQIHUO,CONGERYINFAXISHOUTANEIJIAOBANRANSHAO。

吸收塔的防火对策

1.加强安全管理,提高防火意识

(1)XISHOUTAFANGFUCHENJIAOSHIGONGDUIWUJINRUSHIGONGXIANCHANGZHIQIAN,YINGYUXIANGMUGONGSIANJIANBUQIANDINGANQUANXIEYI,MINGQUEGEZIDEANQUANZEREN。

(2)XIANGMUGONGSIYINGZHAOKAIXISHOUTAFANGFUCHENJIAODEFANGHUOANQUANZHUANTIHUIYI,SHENDINGFANGFUCHENJIAOFANGHUOFANGANJIANQUANCUOSHI,JIANGFANGHUOZERENLUOSHIDAODANWEI、BUMENHERENYUAN。

(3)XIANGMUGONGSIANJIANBUANJIANYUAN、JIANLIBUJIANLIGONGCHENGSHIHEGONGCHENGBUZHUANZEGONGCHENGSHI,YINGDUISHIGONGRENYUANJINXINGFANGHUOANQUANJISHUJIAODIHEANQUANJIAOYU、PEIXUN,ZENGQIANGSHIGONGRENYUANDEANQUANYISHI,TIGAOSHIGONGRENYUANDEFANGHUOJINENG。

(4)SHIGONGDANWEIXIANGMUBUYAOJIANCHIMEIZHOUZHAOKAIYICIANQUANHUIYI,MEIRIZHAOKAIBANQIANHUI、BANHOUHUI,ZONGJIEANQUANFANGMIANDECHENGJI,BIAOYANGZUNZHANGSHOUJIDEHAORENHAOSHI,PIPINGWEIZHANGWEIJIXINGWEI。ZHENZHENGZUODAOANQUANCHANGJIANG,JINGZHONGCHANGMING。

2.施工区实行全封闭隔离

(1)FANGFUCHENJIAOSHIGONGQUYUBIXUCAIQUYANMIDEQUANFENGBISHIGELICUOSHI,SHEZHI1GECHURUKOU,ZAIGELIFANGHUQIANGSHANGSIZHOUXUANGUAXINGMUDE“CHENJIAOSHIGONG,YANJINYANHUO!”JINGGAOBIAOZHI。

(2)YANGEZHIXINGCHENJIAOSHIGONGQUYUCHURUZHIDU。

(3)JIANLISHIGONGQUYUBAOANZHIDU,ZHUANRENZHIBAN,PINGZHENGCHURU,WUZHENGRENYUANYANJINRUNEI。FANJINRUCHENJIAOSHIGONGQUYUDERENYUANYANJINDAIHUOZHONG,YANJINXIYAN。

3.配备消防车和灭火器材

XISHOUTAFUJINPEIBEI1TAIXIAOFANGCHE、XISHOUTA、YANDAONEIBIXUSHEZHIZUGOUDEMIEHUOQICAI,YIFANGWANYI。

4.施工人员正确着装

JINRUXISHOUTA、YANDAONEIJINXINGCHENJIAO、TIELINPIANDEGONGZUORENYUANBIXUCHUANDAIHEGEDEFANGHUYONGPIN,YANJINCHUANDAIDINGDEXIEHECHUANHUAXIANYIFUJINRUTANEI,TAWAIBIXUYOUZHUANZHIRENYUANJIANHU。

5.使用防爆电器

XISHOUTA、YANDAONEIZHAOMINGBIXUCAIYONG24VFANGBAODENG,DIANYUANDIANXIANBIXUSHIYONGXINDERUANXIANGJIAODIANLAN,DIANYUANKONGZHIKAIGUANBIXUSHIFANGBAOXINGDE,YINGSHEZHIZAIXISHOUTAHUOYANDAOWAIMIAN。

6.加强吸收塔和烟道内的通风

XISHOUTA、YANDAONEIYINGSHEZHIRONGLIANGZUGOUDEHUANQIFENGJI,QUEBAOYANDAO、XISHOUTANEITONGFENGLIANGHAO,JINLIANGJIANSHAODINGJIJIAOSHUIDEHUIFAFENZIDEJIJU。

7.吸收塔周围严禁动火

(1)XISHOUTA、JINGKOUYANDAOYUCHENJIAOSHIGONGZUOYESHI,ZAIQI15mFANWEINEIYANJINDONGHUO;YANJINZAIKAOJINJINGKOUYANDAOGGHCHUJINXINGDONGHUOZUOYE,FEIDONGHUOBUKESHI,YIDINGYAOCAIQUYANMIKEKAODEANQUANGELICUOSHI。

(2)ANZHUANGDANWEIZAIXISHOUTATONGBIWAIANZHUANGSHIGONGSHI,BIXUYAOBAXISHOUTASHANGDERENKONG、GUANKOU、YANQIJINCHUKOUFENGDU,YANFANGDIANHANHUOHUAJIQITAHUOZHONGCONGYANQIJINCHUKOU、RENKONG、GUANDAOJIEKOUDENGLUORUYICHENJIAODEXISHOUTANEI。

(3)ANZHUANGDANWEIZAIXISHOUTAZHOUQI5mNEIYAOQIUDONGHUOSHI,BIXUYANGEZHIXINGDONGHUOGONGZUOPIAOZHIDU,YUXIANBEIHAOMIEHUOQI、XIAOFANGSHUIDAI,BIYAOSHISHEZHIFANGHUOGELIQIANG。

8.电焊收工时必须清理施工现场

DIANHANGONGYIJIQITASHIGONGRENYUAN,CHELIXIANCHANGQIAN,BIXURENZHENQINGLIXIANCHANG,ZIXIJIANCHAMEIYIGEJIAOLUO,KANSHIFOUYOUDAIHUODEHANZHA,BIYAOSHIKEDUIHANZHADEDUIJIDIANSHISHILINSHUICHULI,XIAOCHUREYUAN,ERQIEYAOJIANCHADIANHANJIDIANYUANQUEYIDUANKAI。

9.吸收塔及烟道内减少可燃物

XISHOUTAJIYANDAONEIDEJIAOSHOUJIAPUSHEGANGTIAOBAN,BUPUSHEZHUTIAOBAN;BINGJINZHIDUIJIWULIAO,ZUOYEYONGJIAOBANHEJIAOSHUI,JILAIJIYONG,RENLIWUJIN。YINGXIAOCHUYIQIEKERANWUZHI,FANGZHIHUOZAIFASHENG。

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