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分析2017年7次全国脱硫塔着火事故 根源均是防腐材料

[2018-4-27] 点击:

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10YUE20RIXIAWU,SHANDONGMOUREDIANCHANGTUOLIUTAYIWAISHIHUO,XIANCHANGNONGYANGUNGUN。YOUYUGONGRENJISHICHELI,WEIZAOCHENGRENYUANSHANGWANG。JUWANGYOUBAOLIAOWEIXIANCHANGQIEGEBUXIUGANGSHI,QIEGEHUOHUAWEIZUOWEIDANG,DAOZHIHUOHUADIAOLUO,YINRANFANGFUCAILIAO!

2017NIAN11YUE2RI8DIANZUOYOU,XIANMOURELIGONGSITUOLIUTATUFADAHUO,HUOQINGYANZHONG,CHUQIMINGHUOYOUTUOLIUTAYANCONGMAOCHU,HEIYANMIMAN。

SUIZHEHUOQINGMANYAN,MINGHUOYOUYANCONGDINGBUMANYANDAOZHENGGETATI,100MIGAODETUOLIUTAZHENGTIGUOHUO。

11SHIZUOYOU,MINGHUOBEIXIAOFANGGUANBINGPUMIE,HUOZAIMEIYOUMANYANDAOZHOUWEISHESHI,100MIDETUOLIUTABEISHAOCHENGKUANGJIA,SUOXINGMEIYOURENYUANSHANGWANG!

西安脱硫塔失火

半年之内7次脱硫塔着火事故

2017NIAN11YUE2RI,XIANMOUTUOLIUTAFASHENGDAHUO

2017NIAN10YUE20RI,SHANDONGMOUREDIANCHANGTUOLIUTATUOZHEHUO

2017NIAN8YUE4RI,ZHEJIANGMOUZAIJIANREDIANCHANGTUOLIUTAZHEHUO

2017NIAN6YUE16RI,SHANDONGMOUREDIANTUOLIUTACHAICHUZHONGZHEHUO

2017NIAN6YUE3RI,JILINMOUREDIANYOUXIANGONGSITUOLIUXISHOUTAZHEHUO

2017NIAN5YUE14RI,SHANDONGMOUREDIANCHANGTUOLIUTACHAICHUZHONGZHEHUO

2017NIAN5YUE3RI,SHANDONGMOUGANGTIECHANGTUOLIUTAZHEHUO

脱硫塔着火事故,根源均是防腐材料

JINJINIANSUIZHEHUANBAOYISHIDEJIAQIANGJIHUANBAOFAGUIDEWANSHAN,GEQIYEFENFENZENGJIATUOLIUGONGYI,TUOLIUTADEJIANSHEXIANGMUZHUNIANZENGDUO,ZAIDUITUOLIUTADEFANGFUGUOCHENGZHONGYOUYUSHIGONGBUDANGYINQIDEHUOZAISHIGUSHIYOUBAODAO,WANGSHANGSOUSUO“TUOLIUTAZHEHUO”GUANJIANCISHIYITIAOTIAOXINWENYIZHANGZHANGTUPIANRANGRENCHUMUJINGXIN,RUGUOYOUXINRENZIXIYANDUZHEIXIESHIGUZHUICHAYUANYIN,DAJIABUNANFAXIANJUEDADUOSHUSHIGUJUNSHI:FANGFUCAILIAOZHEHUO。

MUQIANRENMENCHANGYONGDEBOLILINPIANJIAONI,ZHUYAOYOU60%ZUOYOU901YIXIJISHUZHI、TONGLEIGUHUAJI、20%ZUOYOUBOLILINPIAN、15%HUASHIFENDENGTIANLIAO、2%BENYIXIXISHIJIZUCHENG,ZAISHIGONGSHIWEILESHITULIAOJUYOULIUDONGXINGXUJIARU10%ZUOYOUBENYIXIZUOWEIXISHIJI,BENYIXIYINFENZILIANGJIAODA,HUIFAXINGJIAOCHA,ZAIBOLILINPIANDEYULINJIEGOULIANGHAODEFANGSHENZHEBIZUOYONGXIA,BENYIXIGENGNANHUIFA,YINCIZAIBOLILINPIANJIAONISHIGONGWANBIHOUJIAOZHANGSHIJIANNEITUCENGZHONGYIRANCUNZAIDALIANGBENYIXI,ANQUANYINHUANZENGJIA;BENYIXIZHENGQIMIDUDAYUKONGQI,DANGBENYIXIHUIFAHOUHUICHENJIANGDAOSHIGONGQUYUDIBU,SUIZHESHIJIANDEYANZHANG,DIBUBENYIXIDENONGDUYUELAIYUEGAOSHENZHIHUIDADAOQIBAOZHAJIXIAN。

BOLILINPIANJIAONIDENAIWENJIXIANDAYUEZAI180℃ZUOYOU,DANGYUDAODIANHANDENGGAOWENSHI,TUCENGZAODAOPOHUAI,FENGBIZAITUCENGNEIDEBENYIXI、YOUJISHUZHIDENGCHONGFENYUKONGQIJIECHUJUBEILERANSHAODETIAOJIANCONGERCHANSHENGRANSHAO,RUBOLILINPIANJIAONIDENAIWENFUDUDAFUSHENGGAOZHIDUANZANGAOWENBUPOHUAI,ZEHUIYINTUCENGGEJUEYANGQIERBUJUBEIRANSHAOTIAOJIANERDUJUEHUOYANHUANRANSHAO,DANYIHANDESHIZHIZUOBOLILINPIANJIAONIDESHUZHIYINJIEGOUYUANYINWUFASHIXIANJIAODAFUDUDENAIWENTISHENG,QIEGAICHENGMOWUZISHENJIUSHIKERANYOUJIWU。

脱硫塔着火事故频繁发生,到底该如何防范?

TUOLIUTAZAIXINJIANHEGAIZAOGUOCHENGZHONG,YAOHELIANPAIGONGQI,BIMIANJIAOCHAZUOYE,YANGEKONGZHIZHILIANG、ANQUANHEJINDU,BIMIANLEISISHIGUZAICIFASHENG。

动火作业结束后,要对施工区域进行火灾隐患检查,及时清理杂物,并在现场留守两小时以上。
   

吸收塔失火事故的原因分析

1.GONGCHENGGUANLIRENYUANSIXIANGSHANGBUZHONGSHI,GUANLISHANGBUDAOWEI。

ZAIXISHOUTAJINXINGFANGFUCHENJIAOZHIQIAN,XIANGMUGONGSI、JIANLIBUYIJISHIGONGDANWEIDEGUANLIRENYUANDUICHENJIAOFANGHUOGONGZUODEZHONGYAOXINGRENSHIBUZU,SIXIANGSHANGBUZHONGSHI,MABIDAYI,MEIYOUZHAOKAIZHUANTIANQUANHUIYI,MEIYOUMINGQUEGEZIDEANQUANZEREN,MEIYOUZHIDINGFANGZHIHUOZAIDEANQUANCUOSHI。

2.RENYUANANQUANYISHIDANBO。

XIANGMUGONGSI、SHIGONGDANWEIANQUANJIANCHARENYUANHEJISHURENYUANMEIYOUDUISHIGONGRENYUANJINXINGANQUANJISHUJIAODIHEFANGHUOANQUANJIAOYU,SHIGONGRENYUANFANGHUOANQUANYISHIDANBO,MEIYOUZHANGWOFANGHUOANQUANJISHU,BUZHIDAOCHENJIAOSHIGONGWEISHENMEYAOFANGHUO,ZENYANGCAINENGFANGHUO。

3.CHENJIAOSHIGONGQUYUMEIYOUSHIXINGQUANFENGBISHIGELI。

XISHOUTAZHOUBIAN5mFANWEI,MEIYOUSHIXINGYANMIDEQUANFENGBISHIGELI。ZHOUWEIYOUDONGHUOZUOYE,MEIYOUCAIQUYOUXIAOGELICUOSHI,ZHISHIMINGHUOYUDINGJIJIAOSHUIDEHUIFAQITIJIECHUZAOCHENGHUOZAI。

4.ZUOYERENYUANHUOQITASHIGONGRENYUANXIYAN。

ZAICHENJIAOJINHUOQUYUXIYANBINGQIELUANDIUYANTOU。DIANYANSHIDEMINGHUOHELUANDIUYANTOUYINRANFUJINDEYIRANWUPINDEHUOMIAO,YUDINGJIJIAOSHUIDEHUIFAQITIJIECHUZAOCHENGHUOZAI。

5.XISHOUTAMEIYOUCAIYONGFANGBAOXINGZHAOMINGDENGHEDIANQIKAIGUAN。

6.XISHOUTANEITONGFENGBULIANG。

DINGJIJIAOSHUIDEHUIFAFENZIDALIANGJIJU,YIDANYUDAOYIDIANHUOXING,JIUHUICHANSHENGBAORAN。

7.XISHOUTAJIYANDAONEIDEJIAOSHOUJIAPUSHEZHUTIAOBAN。ZHUTIAOBANBENSHENHANYOUYOUZHIBINGQIECHENGTIAOZHUANG,SHIYIRANCAILIAO,RONGYIZAISHIHUOCHUQIQIDAOZHURANZUOYONG。

8.ZAIXISHOUTAYANDAONEI、WAIDUIJIDAIYONGWULIAO。RUGUOYOUYIRANKELI(RUHANZHA)LUORUDUIJIDEWULIAOZHONG,QIEYOUYIDINGDEYINBIXINGBUYIFAXIAN,LIUXIAHUOZAIYINHUAN。

9.SHEBEIXIAOQUESHIWEIZHANGDONGHUO。

TUOLIUXITONGZHENGTAOQIDONGSHIYUN(HUOTOUCHAN)HOU,SHEBEIANZHUANGRENYUAN(HUODIANCHANGJIANXIURENYUAN)JINXINGSHEBEIXIAOQUESHI,BUBANLIDONGHUOZHENG,MEIYOUCAIQURENHEFANGHUOCUOSHI,WEIZHANGJINXINGHANJIEHUOQIGEZUOYE,HANZHAHUOMINGHUOYINRANJIAOBAN(LINPIAN),ZAOCHENGHUOZAI。

TEBIEYINQIZHUYIDESHI,DADUOSHUXISHOUTASHIHUOSHIGUSHIFASHENGZAIXIAOQUEJIANXIURENYUANCHELIXIANCHANGYIDUANSHIJIANYIHOU,BINGBUSHIDANGSHIFASHENGDE。ZHEISHIYINWEIHANZHALUODAOJIAOBANJIAFENGLI(KAIJIAODEDIFANG)HUOZHEXISHOUTADEDIBANSHANG,MANMANRANSHAO,YINFADAHUO。

10.SHEBEIXIAOQUESHOUGONGHOU,MEIYOUDUANKAIDIANHANJIDEDIANYUAN。

XIAOQUEJIANXIUDEHANGONG,ANQUANSIXIANGBULAO,ZERENXINBUQIANG,XIAOQUEGONGZUOWANGONGHOU,MEIYOUJIANGDIANHANJIDEDIANYUANDUANKAI,DIANHANJIFAREHUOZHEYICIDIANYUANJIETOUWAILUYIWAIDUANLU,ZAOCHENGXISHOUTAZHOUWEIYIRANWUPINQIHUO,CONGYEYINFAXISHOUTANEIJIAOBANRANSHAO。


吸收塔的防火对策

1.加强安全管理,提高防火意识

(1)XISHOUTAFANGFUCHENJIAOSHIGONGDUIWUJINRUSHIGONGXIANCHANGZHIQIAN,YINGYUXIANGMUGONGSIANJIANBUQIANDINGANQUANXIEYI,MINGQUEGEZIDEANQUANZEREN。

(2)XIANGMUGONGSIYINGZHAOKAIXISHOUTAFANGFUCHENJIAODEFANGHUOANQUANZHUANTIHUIYI,SHENDINGFANGFUCHENJIAOFANGHUOFANGANJIANQUANCUOSHI,JIANGFANGHUOZERENLUOSHIDAODANWEI、BUMENHERENYUAN。

(3)XIANGMUGONGSIANJIANBUANJIANYUAN、JIANLIBUJIANLIGONGCHENGSHIHEGONGCHENGBUZHUANZEGONGCHENGSHI,YINGDUISHIGONGRENYUANJINXINGFANGHUOANQUANJISHUJIAODIHEANQUANJIAOYU、PEIXUN,ZENGQIANGSHIGONGRENYUANDEANQUANYISHI,TIGAOSHIGONGRENYUANDEFANGHUOJINENG。

(4)SHIGONGDANWEIXIANGMUBUYAOJIANCHIMEIZHOUZHAOKAIYICIANQUANHUIYI,MEIRIZHAOKAIBANQIANHUI、BANHOUHUI,ZONGJIEANQUANFANGMIANDECHENGJI,BIAOYANGZUNZHANGSHOUJIDEHAORENHAOSHI,PIPINGWEIZHANGWEIJIXINGWEI。ZHENZHENGZUODAOANQUANCHANGJIANG,JINGZHONGCHANGMING。

2.施工区实行全封闭隔离

(1)FANGFUCHENJIAOSHIGONGQUYUBIXUCAIQUYANMIDEQUANFENGBISHIGELICUOSHI,SHEZHI1GECHURUKOU,ZAIGELIFANGHUQIANGSHANGSIZHOUXUANGUAXINGMUDE“CHENJIAOSHIGONG,YANJINYANHUO!”JINGGAOBIAOZHI。

(2)YANGEZHIXINGCHENJIAOSHIGONGQUYUCHURUZHIDU。

(3)JIANLISHIGONGQUYUBAOANZHIDU,ZHUANRENZHIBAN,PINGZHENGCHURU,WUZHENGRENYUANYANJINRUNEI。FANJINRUCHENJIAOSHIGONGQUYUDERENYUANYANJINDAIHUOZHONG,YANJINXIYAN。

3.配备消防车和灭火器材

XISHOUTAFUJINPEIBEI1TAIXIAOFANGCHE、XISHOUTA、YANDAONEIBIXUSHEZHIZUGOUDEMIEHUOQICAI,YIFANGWANYI。

4.施工人员正确着装

JINRUXISHOUTA、YANDAONEIJINXINGCHENJIAO、TIELINPIANDEGONGZUORENYUANBIXUCHUANDAIHEGEDEFANGHUYONGPIN,YANJINCHUANDAIDINGDEXIEHECHUANHUAXIANYIFUJINRUTANEI,TAWAIBIXUYOUZHUANZHIRENYUANJIANHU。

5.使用防爆电器

XISHOUTA、YANDAONEIZHAOMINGBIXUCAIYONG24VFANGBAODENG,DIANYUANDIANXIANBIXUSHIYONGXINDERUANXIANGJIAODIANLAN,DIANYUANKONGZHIKAIGUANBIXUSHIFANGBAOXINGDE,YINGSHEZHIZAIXISHOUTAHUOYANDAOWAIMIAN。

6.加强吸收塔和烟道内的通风

XISHOUTA、YANDAONEIYINGSHEZHIRONGLIANGZUGOUDEHUANQIFENGJI,QUEBAOYANDAO、XISHOUTANEITONGFENGLIANGHAO,JINLIANGJIANSHAODINGJIJIAOSHUIDEHUIFAFENZIDEJIJU。

7.吸收塔周围严禁动火

(1)XISHOUTA、JINGKOUYANDAOYUCHENJIAOSHIGONGZUOYESHI,ZAIQI15mFANWEINEIYANJINDONGHUO;YANJINZAIKAOJINJINGKOUYANDAOGGHCHUJINXINGDONGHUOZUOYE,FEIDONGHUOBUKESHI,YIDINGYAOCAIQUYANMIKEKAODEANQUANGELICUOSHI。

(2)ANZHUANGDANWEIZAIXISHOUTATONGBIWAIANZHUANGSHIGONGSHI,BIXUYAOBAXISHOUTASHANGDERENKONG、GUANKOU、YANQIJINCHUKOUFENGDU,YANFANGDIANHANHUOHUAJIQITAHUOZHONGCONGYANQIJINCHUKOU、RENKONG、GUANDAOJIEKOUDENGLUORUYICHENJIAODEXISHOUTANEI。

(3)ANZHUANGDANWEIZAIXISHOUTAZHOUQI5mNEIYAOQIUDONGHUOSHI,BIXUYANGEZHIXINGDONGHUOGONGZUOPIAOZHIDU,YUXIANBEIHAOMIEHUOQI、XIAOFANGSHUIDAI,BIYAOSHISHEZHIFANGHUOGELIQIANG。

8.电焊收工时必须清理施工现场

DIANHANGONGYIJIQITASHIGONGRENYUAN,CHELIXIANCHANGQIAN,BIXURENZHENQINGLIXIANCHANG,ZIXIJIANCHAMEIYIGEJIAOLUO,KANSHIFOUYOUDAIHUODEHANZHA,BIYAOSHIKEDUIHANZHADEDUIJIDIANSHISHILINSHUICHULI,XIAOCHUREYUAN,ERQIEYAOJIANCHADIANHANJIDIANYUANQUEYIDUANKAI。

9.吸收塔及烟道内减少可燃物

XISHOUTAJIYANDAONEIDEJIAOSHOUJIAPUSHEGANGTIAOBAN,BUPUSHEZHUTIAOBAN;BINGJINZHIDUIJIWULIAO,ZUOYEYONGJIAOBANHEJIAOSHUI,JILAIJIYONG,RENLIWUJIN。YINGXIAOCHUYIQIEKERANWUZHI,FANGZHIHUOZAIFASHENG。

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