河北威美环保致力于阳极管、电除雾器及湿式静电除尘器的研发生产,详情请致电:18332815001湿电 | 烟气消白 | 湿式静电除尘器 | 湿电除尘设备
湿电除尘器-河北威美环保

联系方式

  • 河北威美环保设备科技有限公司
  • 咨询:陶经理18332815001
  •           张经理18633235200
  • 网址:evorracing.com
  • 主营:阳极管 湿式静电除尘器
  • 地址:河北邯郸武安工业园区二期
 
环保政策   众鑫棋牌 > 环保政策

中国雾霾形成机理的深度分析

[2016-11-18] 点击:

湿电咨询服务: 陶经理18332815001 张经理18633235200

雾霾治理是一把双刃剑,从表征上看,中国雾霾很严重、发生频率高,但PM2.5浓度300~500mg/m3时对人体直接危害远低于欧美国家。这给中国政府治理雾霾提供了一定空间,但雾霾的特殊性也给政府带来了治理复杂性,提高了治理难度。中国雾霾生成机理给我们敲响了警钟。治理雾霾不仅要针对传统雾霾形成机理,还要根据中国雾霾的特殊性,注重包括土壤、水源严重污染的治理修复,减少微生物飘逸和阻断微生物营养供给路径。
▲ 来源: 农业环境科学  作者:顾为东

文章选自《宏观经济》2014年第6期
顾为东 为江苏省宏观经济研究院院长、国家“973”计划风能项目首席科学家。

ZHONGGUOWUMAIYINQIQUANSHEHUIGUANGFANGUANZHU,QIXINGCHENGJILIJIJUPUBIANXING,YOUJUTESHUXING。BENWENTONGGUOSHULIFENXIHESHIZHENGYANZHENGSHOUDUAN,POUXIZHONGGUOWUMAIXINGCHENGJILIDEPUBIANXINGSHICHUANTONGTURANGCHEN、RANMEI、SHENGWUZHIRANSHAO、QICHEWEIQIYULAJIFENSHAO、GONGYEWURANHEERCIWUJIQIRONGJIAOWEININGJIEHESHENGCHENGWUMAI;TESHUXINGSHIZHONGGUOWUMAIXINGCHENGSUDUHEKUOSANKUAI、NINGJIEHETIJI(ZHIJING)TIAOYUESHIHETUFAXINGZENGZHANG,JUNYUQUYUWEISHENGWUZHONGQUNJITURANG、SHUIYUANYANZHONGMIANYUANWURANMIQIEXIANGGUAN。YOUYUZHONGGUOSHUITUHUANJINGSHOUDAOFUYINGYANGHUADEYANZHONGWURAN,ZAOCHENGHUANJINGZHONGWEISHENGWUZHONGQUNFANZAHEFUJI;TURANGZHONGANDANNONGDUGAO,ZAOCHENGDONGCHUNJIJIESHUIFENZHENGFADAIZOUDALIANGFUYINGYANGSHUIFEN,ZAIDIKONGYUQIRONGJIAOXIANGJIEHE,ZAININGJIEHEXISHUIPENGZHANGDETONGSHI,YEWEIXIFUZAININGJIEHEDEWEISHENGWUKUAISUFENLIEFANZHITIGONGLEYANGFEN,ZHANGQIYIWANGXINGCHENGLEJUYOUDIYUTEZHENGDEWEISHENGWUZHONGQUN,WEIWUMAIKUAISUXINGCHENG、PINFAHEBAOFAXINGZENGZHANGTIGONGLEWAIBUTIAOJIAN。ZHONGGUOGONGYEHUAJINCHENGZHONGGONGYEDENGWURANHEGUANGDANONGCUNDETURANG、SHUIYUANYANZHONGWURANDEDIEJIAXIAOYING,SHIZHONGGUOYANZHONGWUMAIXINGCHENGDETESHUJILI;OUMEISHIYIDAQIHUANJINGKEXUEYANJIUWUMAI,ZHONGGUOZEYINGYIDAQIHUANJINGYUSHENGWUKEXUEXIETONGNULIYANJIUYUFANGZHIWUMAI。YUANQIZHIBEN,JINQIZEYINGYIWUMAISHENGCHENGJILIHEWUMAIXINGCHENGLINJIEDIANYANJIUYUZHILIWEIZHU,BIAOBENJIANZHI。

2012 NIANDONGYILAI,WUMAIPINFANSINVEYUZHONGGUOBEIJINGJIGUANGDAZHONGDONGBUDIQUSHANGKONG。WUHEMAIQUBIEZAIYUSHUIFENHANLIANG:HANSHUILIANGDADAO90%DEJIAOWU,DIYU80%DEJIAOMAI,80%—90%ZHIJIANSHIWUHEMAIHUNHEWU;WUDEHOUDUJISHIMIZHI 200MIZUOYOU,MAIKEDA1—3GONGLI。ZHONGGUOWUMAIJIEGOUHESHENGCHENGJILIYUOUMEIDENGGUOBIJIAO,JIJUYOUGONGXING,YEJUYOUTESHUXING。

中国雾霾的不同表现形式

1、ZHONGGUOWUMAIDUIRENTIZHIJIESHANGHAIDI,YUOUMEIBUYIYANG。OUMEIYANZHONGWUMAIYOUDALIANGZHIJIEZHISIJILU,1952NIANLUNDUNWUMAICENGZHI12000RENSANGSHENG。ZHONGGUOYANZHONGWUMAIPINFA,DANZHIJIESHANGHAIZHISIANLIMUQIANMEIYOUYILI。DANHUXIXITONGMANXINGJIBING,TEBIESHIFEIAIFABINGLVDAFANWEISHANGSHENG,FEIAIYIZHUJIANCHENGWEICHANGJIANBING,GUOQU10NIANBEIJINGZHISHAOXINZENGLE60%DEFEIAIHUANZHE。TU1XIANSHILEBEIJINGHEJINGJINJIDIQUDEWUMAIQINGKUANG。

2、ZHONGGUOWUMAIQIANGDUZAIHONGGUANSHANGYUDAQIWURANWUPAIFANGQIANGDUCHENGFANXIANGBIANHUAQUSHI,YUOUMEIBUYIYANG。YEJIAN,YUNXINGZHONGQICHEDAFUJIANSHAO、GONGCHANGTINGCHAN、GONGDITINGGONG、FADIANCHANGFUHEXIAJIANG,DAQIWURANPAIFANGQIANGDUJIANGDI,WUMAIQIANGDUQUEXIANZHUZENGQIANG;ZAOSHANG,SHENGCHANSHENGHUOHUIFUZHENGCHANG,WURANPAIFANGQIANGDUTIGAO,WUMAIQIANGDUQUECHENGWENDINGHUOXIAJIANGQUSHI。ZHEIBUSHIOURANXIANXIANG,ERSHIYIBANXINGGUILV。

3、ZHONGGUOWUMAIZAIJIENENGJIANPAIQUSHIZHONGNISHIZENGZHANG,YUOUMEIBUYIYANG。ZHONGGUOTUIGUANGRANMEIJIZUYANQICHAODIPAIFANGJISHU,TIGAOLETIANRANQISHIYONGBILI。2013 NIAN,TIANRANQIXIAOFEI1600 YILIFANGMI,NENGYUANXIAOHAOQIANGDUXIAJIANG 3.7%。②BEIJINGTONGGUOZHENGFUBUTIEQUANBUQUXIAOLEJIATINGRANMEIQUNUAN。JINGJINJIFENCHENLIANGDAFUXIAJIANG。DANWUMAIBINGMEIYOUJIANSHAO,FANERPINLVYUELAIYUEGAO,ZHONGWUMAIYUELAIYUEDUO。

4、ZHONGGUOWUMAIYUXINNENGYUANYINGYONGBILIZHENGXIANGGUAN,YUOUMEIBUYIYANG。ZHONGGUOXINNENGYUANYINGYONGBILIXIANZHUTISHENG,FENGDIAN、TAIYANGNENG、SHUIDIANFAZHANSUDUHEZHUANGJIZONGLIANGJUNJUSHIJIEDIYI,DANWUMAIFASHENGPINLVHEYANZHONGCHENGDUBUJINWEINENGEZHIHEXIAJIANG,QUEDAFUTIGAO。

ZHONGGUOWUMAIJIEGOUYUOUMEIXIANZHUBUTONG,YAOCONGQITESHUXINGRUSHOU,POUXICHANSHENGDESHENCENGCIYUANYIN。

中国雾霾形成机理的深度分析

TONGGUODUIQIRONGJIAOKELIDECHENGFENJINXINGDNACEXU,FAXIAN1300DUOZHONGWEISHENGWU(CaoDENG,2014),BIAOMINGZHONGGUOWUMAIPINFAHEYANZHONGXINGYUDONGBUDIQUSHUITUHUANJINGMIANYUANWURAN、DALIANGZISHENGWEISHENGWUZHONGQUNYOUZHIJIEGUANLIAN。ZHANGQIYILAI,ZHONGGUOJINGJIFAZHANFANGSHICUFANG,CHANYEJIEGOUHEBUJUBUHELI,WURANWUPAIFANGZONGLIANGJUGAOBUXIA。RUBEIJINGYIBEI2000DUOZUOLAJICHANGBAOWEI,MEITIANLAJICHULIQUEKOU 8000DUN,RENGYIMEINIAN 8%—10%DESUDUZENGZHANG(GONGBUWEIBEIJINGMEITIANCHANGELEILAJI 1.8WANDUN,BEIJINGSHIHUANJINGZHUANJIARENWEIJIN3WANDUN)(TU3)。MIANDUIYANJUNXINGSHI,ZHONGGUOZHENGFUYIJIAQIANGTURANGHUANJINGBAOHUHEWURANZHILI,JIANJUEXIANGTURANGWURANXUANZHAN。

ZHONGGUOYANZHONGWUMAIKUAISUXINGCHENGYUKUOSAN,YUWEISHENGWUFANZHIYOUGUAN。WEISHENGWUFANZHISUDUJINGREN,TU4 BIAOMING,DANGWEISHENGWUPIAOYIDAODAQIZHONGXIFUZAIQIRONGJIAONINGJIEHEBIAOMIAN,JINRUSHENGMINGZHOUQICHIHUANQI;DANGTURANGZHONGSHUIFENZHENGFA,XIEDAIANDANYINGYANGWUYUQIRONGJIAONINGJIEHEJIEHE,WEIWEISHENGWUSHENGZHANGTIGONGSHUIFEN、YANGLIAOHEYANGQI,SHIWEISHENGWUJINRUDUISHUSHENGZHANGQI。

表1列出了几种常见微生物的代时和每日增殖率。

BIAO1LIECHULEJIZHONGCHANGJIANWEISHENGWUDEDAISHIHEMEIRIZENGZHILV。

FUZHEQIRONGJIAOKELISHANGWEISHENGWUZAISHIYITIAOJIANXIAXUNSUFANZHI,QIRONGJIAOTIJIXUNSUZENGDATUPOLINJIEDIAN,ZUIZHONGXINGCHENGZHONGDUWUMAI。RUCHANGWENCHANGYAXIA,QIRONGJIAOKELIZHIYOU 0.1 WEIMI,DANSUIWEISHENGWUXUNSUFANZHI,TIJIKEXUNSUZENGJIADAO 2.5WEIMI、5 WEIMISHENZHI 10 WEIMI。TU5 XIANSHILEWUMAIZHISHUTUBIAN,ZUOTUZUIGAODIANZAIZHONGWU 12 DIANFUJIN,YOUTUZUIGAODIANZAILINGCHENLINGDIANFUJIN。ANCHUANTONGJIESHI,ZHISHUTUBIANYINGYOUWURANTUFAXINGSHIGU,DANSHISHISHANGBINGMEIYOU,ZHEIZHINENGYONGWEISHENGWUKUAISUFANZHILAIJIESHI。

大气中微生物繁殖条件

FENXIWEISHENGWUFANZHITIAOJIANSHIWENDU、SHUIFEN、YANGQIHEYANGFEN。YANJIUFAXIAN,WEISHENGWUWENDUSHIYINGNENGLIQIANG,ZAISHUIFENZHENGFAJINRUDAQI,SUIKONGQIWENDUJIANGDIHUIZAICININGJIE,DONGJICHENGSHUANG,CHUNJICHENGWU;WUTIXUANFUZHUANGTAIJIECHUKONGQIMIANJIZUIDA,SHIXIFUZAININGJIEHEBIAOMIANDEWEISHENGWUHUODECHONGFENYANGQI。

WEISHENGWUMINGCHENGRUSUANJUNDACHANGGANJUNXIJUN GENLIUJUNKUCAOGANJUNGUANGHEXIJUNNIANGJIUJIAOMUXIAOQIUZAOZAOLEI NIANQIUZAOGUIZAOCAOLVCHONGBIAO1 WEISHENGWUDEDAISHIHEMEIRIZENGZHILVTU5 ZHISHUZAIDUANSHIJIANNEITUBIANWEISHENGWUSHENGZHANGZUIZHONGYAODEYANGFENSHIANDAN,ANDANRONGRUQIRONGJIAOYUWEISHENGWUXIANGYU,CHENGWEIWEISHENGWUKUAISUFANZHIDEYINGYANGJI。ANDANLAIYUANYUTURANGHESHUIYUANFUYINGYANGHUAWURAN。GAIGEKAIFANGYILAI,ZHONGGUOJINGJIKUAISUFAZHAN,YEFUCHULECHENZHONGDEHUANJINGDAIJIA,TU 6 XIANSHIZHONGGUO 2012 NIAN GDP ZENGZHANG 7.8%,WAIBUHUANJINGSUNSHIZHANGDPDE9.2%。ZHONGGUOMEINIANHUAFEISHIYONGLIANG 4000 WANDUN,SHIMEIGUO、YINDUDEZONGHE,MUJUNSHIYONGLIANGSHIMEIGUODE 3BEI。JIANGSUMUJUNHUAFEISHIYONGLIANGSHIQUANGUODE 4—5 BEI。ZHONGGUOMEINIAN COD PAIFANG2400 WANDUN,ANDANPAIFANG 245 WANDUN,YUANCHAOHUANJINGRONGLIANG。YOUZHUANJIAZHICHU:“XUDUOTURANGWURANDIQUYICHAOGUOTURANGDEZIJINGNENGLI,MEIYOUWAILAIDEZHILIGANYU,QIANBAINIANHOUTURANGYEWUFAZIJING,YOUDEDIKUAIYONGYUANDOUWUFAZIJING,SHENZHICHUXIANHUANJINGBAOFU。”ZHONGGUOMEINIANYOUYUTURANGWURANERDAOZHIDELIANGSHIJIANCHANDADAO100YIGONGJIN。FUYINGYANGSHUITIZHONGANDANSUITURANGSHUIFENZHENGFA,HUIFADAODAQIZHONG,CHENGWEIWEISHENGWUDEYINGYANG(TU7、TU8)。、

BIZHESHIYANZHENGMINGLEZHEIYIDIAN。

BIZHESHIYANZAIDIWENGAOXIAOREBENGXINGZHENGLIUZHUANGZHIZHONGJINXING,DUITURANGZHONGTIQUDESHUIZAI43℃JINXINGZHENKONGZHENGLIU。JIKONGZHONGXINDUIZHENGLIUSHUICHENGFENJINXINGJIANDINGFAXIAN,ZHENGLIUSHUIXIAOCHUYUANSHUIZHONGKUANGWUZHIHEZHONGJINSHUDENGWUZHI,ERANDANDENGFUYINGYANGWUHANLIANGJIAOGAO。ZHEIWEIQIANMIANLUNSHUTIGONGLEYOULIZHICHENG。YANJIUBIAOMING,TURANGHANSHUILIANG80KE/QIANKE,TURANGSHUIFENSANSHIYINQIANHUIFALIANGZUIGAO,RUBIAO2SUOSHI。TU9XIANSHITANANCHULIANHUIFADONGLIXUEQUXIAN。TU10XUXIANWEIJIASHECHUANTONGWUMAINONGDUFAZHANQUSHI,SHIXIANWEIWEISHENGWU、SHUIFENJIANDANZUOYONGXIAWUMAINONGDUFAZHANQUSHIXIAN。DONGCHUNJIJIEYEJIANQIXIANGTIAOJIANYOULIYUSHUIFENZHENGTENGNINGJIEHEWEISHENGWUFANZHI,YOUQILENGKONGQINANXIAZAOCHENGKONGQISHUIFENJIASUNINGJIE,JIYIXINGCHENGYANZHONGWUMAI;BAITIANSHUIFENZHENGTENGZUOYONGSUIDAQISHIDUZENGDAERJIANRUO,WENDUSHANGSHENGYESHISHUIFENNINGJIEZUOYONGJIANRUO,SHISHUIFENHEANDANJIANSHAO,WEISHENGWUHUOXINGJIANRUO,WUMAIQIANGDUXIAJIANG。

结 论

ZHONGGUOWUMAIBUJINYUANYUGONGYEHUAJINCHENGZHONGGONGYEWURANSHENGCHENGDEERCIQIRONGJIAOKELI,HAIYUANYUGUANGDANONGCUNTURANG、SHUIYUANYANZHONGWURANDAOZHIYIWEISHENGWUWEIZHUDEERCIQIRONGJIAOKELI,LIANGZHEDIEJIAXIAOYINGDAOZHIZHONGGUOWUMAIKUAISUXINGCHENGYUKUOSAN。

WUMAIZHILI,YISHIYINGCONGPUBIANXINGJIAODURUSHOU,JIANSHAOCHUANTONGERCIWUJIQIRONGJIAODENGNINGJIEHECHANSHENG。ERSHIYINGCONGTESHUXINGJIAODURUSHOU,SHENRUYANJIUWUMAIZHONGDEWEISHENGWUZHONGQUNHEFENLEI。SHAIXUANQIZHUYAOZUOYONGDEWEISHENGWU,QUEDINGQIZHONGQUNDEQUYUXINGJIJUDI,ZHENDUIXINGDIZHIDINGZHILIJUCUO;SHENRUYANJIUKONGZHITURANGDENGMIANYUANWURANDEJUTIJUCUO,JIANSHAOHEZUDUANZHENGFASHUIFENZHONGANDANDENGYINGYANGWU;TANSUOQUYUXINGYUWUMAIXIANGGUANLIANWEISHENGWUQUNDEFASHENGGUILVHEZHILIBANFA。TONGSHIDALITUIJINCHENGSHIGONGGONGHUANJINGWEISHENG,XIAOMIECHENGSHIWEISHENGSIJIAO。

WUMAIZHILISHIYIBASHUANGRENJIAN,CONGBIAOZHENGSHANGKAN,ZHONGGUOWUMAIHENYANZHONG、FASHENGPINLVGAO,DANPM2.5NONGDU300~500mg/m3SHIDUIRENTIZHIJIEWEIHAIYUANDIYUOUMEIGUOJIA。ZHEIJIZHONGGUOZHENGFUZHILIWUMAITIGONGLEYIDINGKONGJIAN,DANWUMAIDETESHUXINGYEJIZHENGFUDAILAILEZHILIFUZAXING,TIGAOLEZHILINANDU。

ZHONGGUOWUMAISHENGCHENGJILIJIWOMENQIAOXIANGLEJINGZHONG。ZHILIWUMAIBUJINYAOZHENDUICHUANTONGWUMAIXINGCHENGJILI,HAIYAOGENJUZHONGGUOWUMAIDETESHUXING,ZHUZHONGBAOKUOTURANG、SHUIYUANYANZHONGWURANDEZHILIXIUFU,JIANSHAOWEISHENGWUPIAOYIHEZUDUANWEISHENGWUYINGYANGGONGJILUJING。TONGGUOQUANSHEHUIDEGONGTONGNULI,ZAORIJIANGWUMAIXINGCHENGDELINJIEDIANJIANGXIALAI,ZHILIWUMAIDENANTIJIUHUIYINGRENERJIE。

农业环境科学 作者:顾为东

→查看更多河北威美环保产品 湿式静电除尘器 电除雾器 湿电阳极管 湿电 湿电除尘器 烟气消白 脱硫除尘器 不锈钢阳极管 半干法脱硫除尘

→ 免费湿电咨询服务:陶经理18332815001 张经理18633235200

回众鑫棋牌 回河北威美环保众鑫棋牌


上一条:非电工业领域将成为大气污染治理下一个重点
下一条:中国环境报:应对雾霾的关键是控制燃煤污染
阳极管湿式静电除尘器电除雾器烟气消白烟气净化装置超低排放改造不锈钢阳极管招聘信息 河北威美环保手机站

扫描进入手机站

版权:河北威美环保设备科技有限公司 evorracing.com 冀ICP备18007757号-1
电话:陶经理18332815001 张经理18633235200 地址:河北省邯郸市武安市武安工业园区二期|网站地图